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Introduction
Animal: Toco Toucan
Research Location: Amazon Rainforest, Near Manaus, Brazil


why this animal?

I am interested in this animal the toco toucan because of the large beak it has. I also like the color of the beak the toucan’s have, their beaks are orange and I like the color orange on a beak of a bird. Toucans fly I like the way they fly with their wings spread out far. Also I like the color of the toucan’s fur black and white that’s a good color to mix together on an animal. I also like toucans because they are medium sized animals. They also have a long beak, long enough to reach food and water. The toucans have bright blue eyes, and I like animals that have bright blue eyes. The toucans also have a white neck that I like. They also have a long black feather tail and I like the tail because it’s black just like the body. One more thing I like is the black tip on the orange beak. Because the whole beak is orange but the tip of the beak is black. That I think is sort of unique for a bird to have an orange beak, and on the tip of the beak it has a spot that’s black.

Toco Toucan food web By: Hannah C.

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Research Location

My research location is the amazon rainforest near Manaus, Brazil. The amazon rainforest is a tropical rainforest in Brazil and is one of the world’s biggest rainforests. It has a tropical climate. The rainforest is hot and humid. The average annual temperature is 27 degrees Celsius (80.7 degrees Fahrenheit). The annual temperature range is about 2 degrees Celsius. It rains almost the whole year so mostly it rains year round. It can rain from about 60 to 180 inches to 30 to 100 inches. The water can rise up to 20 meters. Some of the amazon rainforest animals that live there are these: Spider monkey, golden lion tamarin, sloth, giant anteater, giant river otter, capybara, macaw, electric eel, anaconda, jaguar, poison arrow frog, black caiman, piranha, amazon pink river dolphin, toucan, Amazonian manatee and many more animals live in the amazon rainforests. The vegetation life in the amazon rainforest is that the rainforest recycles carbon dioxide. Oxygen is produced most by amazon rainforests. Carbon dioxide can change to oxygen. The plants make shelter for animals. The toucans depend on the trees for shelter and food. The trees give the fresh feel of the rainforest. Also everything else that is in the rainforest gives the feel of a real rainforest.

The toucan lives in the rainforest for the open area and for the rainy climate. All the trees give the toucan shelter and all the rest of the animal’s shelter and food and maybe water. The amazon rainforest is for animals like the toucan that like to live in wet climates. Also the toucans use the rainforest to fly all around with their long wings. One more thing is that the toucans eat their food with their long beaks and save the rest for the rest of the animals. The black and white fur of the toucan makes the toucan blend in and camouflage in with the rainforest. One more thing is that the toucan has a big enough beak to grab food and give the rest of the food to its young or other animals.

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A map of the Amazon Rainforest's Location
Amazon Rainforest
Near Manaus, Brazil

Research technique

I used a travel camera for my research technique. I would set the camera in different places in the rainforest to observe them, and get pictures of them. Also when there was motion near/on the camera it would take the picture. It would also take a picture when there was heat censored or applied to the camera. These pictures happened on all the days that I was researching the toucan. Here I’m going to show you some of the pictures the camera took and the observations/notes I took about these pictures.


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I saw a toucan sitting on a tree at 8:00 last night. The bird was trying to get someone’s attention it looked like. The toucan looks to me like a grown up male because of the beak and the way his body is built. The toucan is still pretty young but is growing up.

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This guy must like the camera because he is looking right at the camera. I got the picture of this toucan at 11:00 last night. It was just roaming around the camera and the camera monitored him and took the picture of him. I was very excited that I sort of got a close up picture of the toucans face. I even see the bright color of the toucan in the bright sun or the moon light or night sky. This toucan is still partly a young male. You can tell by the way his body is he is still built like a young one.
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This toucan I saw with the camera at 3:00 in the morning. It was a close up of the bird, the bird wasn’t really looking at the camera but it was sort of looking at the camera. It looks like it was looking into space with all the other birds and thinking about something in his head in toucan/bird language. This bird is almost a twin to the bird above this one but this bird is a little smaller than the one above it. Like this bird was born after the bird above it. The bird looks to me like he was just looking off in space to look for another bird.
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The camera caught this bird about 5:00 this morning. It looks like the bird is looking for food and water in the tree or around the tree on the ground. I think he is looking for food because of the way his mouth is open. Also it was looking for prey so it can open its mouth and be ready to snatch the prey in its mouth and eat it. It might also have been looking for predators so it can hide in the shady trees so the predator won’t come and try to eat him the toucan. This bird is a grown male because of his strong built body and because of the strong beak he has. This bird can see very well because it has big black pupils and a blue outlining, that outlines his eye to let him see well.
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This bird was caught on the camera at 8:00 this morning. It looks like it is just staring there off into the distance thinking about something. Maybe, its thinking about grabbing a bite to eat in a little bit. Also maybe it’s just sitting there ready to go fly or do something else, just relaxing a while.


I also took notes on a video of the toucan and other toucans how they interact with each other when they are in groups. Down below is a video of the toucans interacting with each other in groups. Also below the video is the notes i took on the video.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GzNMUTA2sL4
video of toucans


notes on the video




Observation Journal


Day 1
I am here walking into the amazon rainforest and I see other birds like parrots but no toucan yet. I look in all the trees in holes to see if the toucan is there because they nest in nests in holes in trees. But one tree I think I see a toucan, no all it is, is another bird. But then I see a toucan high in a tree with leaves scattered around the tree. The toucan is a bright black and white and camouflages itself by the bright colors that its feathers already are. Then I walk on and see a toucan getting fruit off a fruit tree with its long beak. It’s getting the fruit in its beak and giving some to itself and some to its young. But since it has such a long beak, the toucan when he has no one else around to feed, it feeds itself with its strong beak to chomp down whole fruits in one chomp. That is because he has such a strong beak to chomp fruit in one bite or swallow fruit whole. I am walking closer to the toucan now and I see that the toucan has black pupils with a bright blue outline, outlining the eye. The toucan I see right now, but since I am getting closer to it, the toucan starts to fly away with its wings spread far out. Also the toucan has long feathery wings. So I move along to see other things in the rainforest. Then I spot another toucan and it is just sitting on a tree branch just looking at me. But I notice something he has his claws stuck tight on the tree branch. That is because he has sharp claws and they cling to tree branches or other things. They do that when they are just sitting there on something like a tree branch. The nails or claws are strong enough to hold on to the tree branch for a while or long time. Also the bird has a long black feather tail. So I move along and I see a parrot and other birds surrounding it and then I also see a toucan surrounding the parrot. Another reason the toucan camouflages itself is to blend in his color with the trees or grass. So predators or prey will not see him. So he can get the prey, also so the predator can’t see him. Also so the predator can’t try to come and eat him or do something like that to him. The toucan is tall and thin and I guess the bird could also be medium sized also. So I keep walking around in the rainforest and I come across nothing at first. The toucan I come to next like all toucans has a white neck with black feathers or fur surrounding the neck. The toucan also has a bright orange beak to make the beak stand out. The beak on the toucan is also long and it’s long enough to reach for its food. The toucan that I am looking at right now has a black tip on its beak just for the splattered paint color that the toucan already has on its whole body. Also another thing about this toucan is that the animal or this bird is a big animal with the beak and all. These are the physical characteristics of the toucan.

Day 2
One special adaption they have is this one. They have loud squawks when they whistle or chirp or again like I said squawk. Oh I see another toucan let’s go over to it to see some of its behavioral adaptations. Oh I see what it’s doing. This I am going to explain to you the behavioral adaption of the toucan. This adaption only usually happens when toucans live in the wild. This is the adaption. The toucan is deafening the other birds in the area with him. But mostly in the wild toucans deafen each other with their squawks. They mostly do this while they are in small flocks. For instance, they do this when they see they see a bird of prey. They gather in a circle around it and about it in a jeering band. By doing this they scare off the predator that also wants the bird of prey just like they want the bird of prey. Another special adaption the toucans have in the wild is how they sleep or nest. This is how they do it. They normally sleep in nests in holes. Like I am seeing a toucan do right now, out here in the wild. So they have adapted themselves to nest in holes. This special adaption is done by the toucan and with the toucan turning its head and placing its long beaks on its backs, with its hook pushed down between the wings and the body. They also fold their tails on their backs as well when sleeping in nests in holes. Another adaption they have is they live in small flocks of about six active loud noises of deep or high loud crock sounds.


Day 3
This day I am going to look at the toucan some more to see if I can find some more physical observations about the animal. Here I go I just passed the giraffes and lions now I am heading to the toucans. I am a researcher trying to think of a visual picture of the toucan. There I see a toucan resting in a tree. I see that the bird is big and that helps him in his environment. It helps him in the environment by if a toucan is big and has a loud squawk then the toucan can get more food because the prey and predators will be afraid of the loud squawk and size. Also predators and prey will not want to go around it because it makes the loud sound and it’s big. I am moving on in the rainforest, I just passed the elephants and the tigers. Oh I just found the toucans area where most of the toucans are. It’s a huge area where all the toucans stay most of the time. The one toucan is sleeping and the other toucan that is right next to him is flying around and squawking loudly with its beak. The toucan also camouflages itself to hide away from predators. It also does this to hide away from prey to scare the prey so the toucan get to the prey to eat it. I saw to day a relationship between the toucan and other birds. The relationship they have is the toucan squawks to get the other toucans or birds attention. The other birds chirp or squawk at other birds when they are in there territory or area they live in right now. I found out a lot about the toucan today I hope I find out more about the toucan tomorrow.

Day 4
Today I am going back into the rainforest to observe the toucan again to see if I can find some other things about the toucan. I am walking through the rainforest to see the toucans and maybe the prey they eat. Also I am trying to find from my research the predators that harm the toucans. So I am walking and I find a toucan sitting on a tree and trying to find out what the toucan is doing. Oh I see it’s just sitting there. Well I guess I will move along. There this is what I want to see with a toucan it is gathering around some prey or small animals it found to eat with his/her buddies. The animals to me look petrified and scared also threatened by the toucan. There is a lizard and a snake and some macaw eggs. The toucan looks like it is about to eat the lizard and the snake and macaw eggs him/she will share with her/his buddies. So moving along here I am going to hide under or up on some shady trees to watch some predators of the toucan sneak up on the toucan. Ok so I will take some pictures of them to take them back to the laboratory to study them. It looks like, oh wait, there is more than one predator coming towards the toucan. I am going to observe them and name the predators after I observe them. There are it looks like 10 or more predators coming towards the predators just keep coming. Like in groups or something like that. There are the same animals and there are totally different animals like new ones I have never seen before. I am taking pictures of the animals right now and I am going to examine, research, and name the animals for anyone like researchers or just normal people that are interested. I got 5 new animals I have never seen before. The animal’s names are these: macaw, golden lion tamarin, Amazon pink river dolphin, capybara, and manatee. Here are 5 animals I already knew, the names are these: giant anteater, giant river otter, jaguar, sloth, and spider monkey. The research I did came up with lots of info on these animals. So I am leaving now, I am going to come back tomorrow for my last day in the rainforest.

Day 5
Okay I am here at the rainforest on my last day here. I bet it is going to be fun on my last day in the rainforest. So I am moving along and I see some other animals on the way to see the toucan. But the toucan is nowhere to be seen near where I am in the rainforest so I am guessing that the toucan is hiding or doing something else under a shady tree. So I keep moving to try to find a toucan near the rainforest. So I got to walking and it felt to me like forever and finally found a toucan sitting on a branch of a tree. Finally I got to find/understand the researcher that was studying toucans Jason Weckstein for the first time. I got to understand him by seeing the toucan have chewing lice on it and to see how they work together in the rainforest. Also I found some other things about the toucan that made Jason Weckstein a good researcher. So what happens or how they interact together is this way. The chewing lice sit on the toucan and interact and help the toucan and the toucan helps the chewing lice. That is how Jason Weckstein is a good researcher. This is how they help each other the researcher said; the lice help the toucan by, the chewing lice eats the parasites off the bird. The lice then get the parasites to eat for a meal. The toucan gets help by eating the lice for a meal. They both get help in some way. That is how they help each other. It was such a cool thing to hear from a good and well explained researcher. That is a good tool for the toucan and the chewing lice to help each other. The lucky part of the rainforest is there are a lot of chewing lice and toucans in the forest and since there are a lot of them they can all help each other in some way, some time. But toucans are omnivores, feeding on both meats as in small animals, plants, and fruit. But also the forest has many other types of food for the toucan to eat in the rainforest such as fruit, insects, and other things. The toucans get some of the water from the fruit, but also from a water hole, or a water source nearby. Also I observed the toucan drinking its water and found this out by observing him in the water source/waterfall/lake washing off and drinking the water while I was walking along. I enjoyed the week with the toucans in the rainforest. This is my last day here in the rainforest. It has been an awesome and fun and interesting week. I am so glad I got this experience to come see the toucans, I wish I could come back again someday to see the toucans again it was such an awesome experience. Well the day is over, and I got to go home and the toucans I will see some other day or time and the rainforest. Bye to the whole trip/experience and see you later from the observation journal. Good bye and good night. My observation journal is finally finished and done.This journal was done by Hannah C. a researcher who was researching toucans for a project.

Using The Research


I think the toucan population and species will be fine I don’t think the limiting factors will hurt the toucans that much, but you never know what will happen with the toucans until it happens. I think more people have learned to like toucans as pets they haven’t realized how much harm the environment as the rainforest has right now has without some toucans. Also if the toucans are not in the rainforest, then some of the farmers are growing fruit for the toucans and the toucans are not eating it because they don’t live there. Also if the toucans are not in the rainforest then what do you think they will do with the area, they will make it into something else except a rainforest. The toucans live in the rainforest in Brazil and if they are gone then the natural habitat will get destroyed since they are not there. That Is one of the limiting factors of the toucan also. The toucans eat certain animals and they are even getting cut down in size just like the toucans. The toucans I think will survive with their population, but their habitat could get destroyed from them becoming to many peoples pets. So some people should stop them and let them live in the wild and quit making them peoples pets.



Fellow Researcher Profile

What I’ve learned from them:

I enjoyed and was interested in what the researcher Jason Weckstein put on his web page about the toucans and the chewing lice. I was also interested in how the lice and the toucans interact together and I found out a lot about how they interact together. He is a zoologist that studies diversities of birds or bird divisions. His research primarily focused on bird divisions. He is a research scientist in a field museum of natural history in Chicago, Illinois. He was researching the chewing lice and the toucans and he took photos of both of them. He also wrote some sentences to paragraphs of what they do together or how they interact together. But he is both an ornithologist and a parasitologist and he uses DNA to the history of the bird divisions and parasites. He also studied this in North America and South America and Africa. He studies a lot of the things that have to do with toucans like DNA samples and things like that, that have to do with toucans. He has been studying the birds division since 2005, for 8 years so he has never given up on studying the bird division, he keeps on studying those types of animals, the birds. It took him a while to find the DNA samples for the toucans and the chewing lice interactions. It took him at least one month. It was awesome that he didn’t give up. Because the birds were looking up to him, also other people were looking up to him, to get the info they needed from him, to research more about the birds and to find out more info about the birds from his research. I am glad he stuck with this position because it is hard and frustrating when you can’t find what you’re looking for right away; also I was surprised he stuck because of the hard effort you put into this and can’t find what you’re looking for. I like Jason Weckstein as a researcher because the toucans are such a beautiful and colorful bird, it’s hard to let go of them when you see them for the first time. I want to observe someday like Jason Weckstein the toucans and the DNA samples of the toucans, so I can someday maybe tell a researcher the research I found of the toucan and help the world someday with the toucans species. I would someday like to research more like Jason Weckstein things about the toucans species. Maybe someday I will get the chance to research more things about the toucan. Also someday I might be able to meet someone like Jason Weckstein or him to talk about the toucan species, bird divisions. Also to talk to them about the research they have done with the toucans DNA and toucan species and to ask them questions and get answers from them about the toucans. Also to ask them questions and get answers from them about their experience or experiences.

I want to help the toucan population increase more instead of decrease. I want the toucan species to keep rising, to do this I think the rainforest needs to keep growing. Also some people are moving near the rainforest and trying to move things in the rainforest, that is cutting down the rainforest a lot and the population is decreasing if people keep doing that. If people keep ruining the rainforest, there will someday be no rainforest and no animals left in the rainforest if this keeps happening with people moving near the rainforests. People are starting to cut down some of the trees of the rainforest to make more room for the housing and other things they want to make more room for like farming. So they think cutting the rainforest trees down will help the farming and things like that, but all it does is ruining the habitat for all the animals that live in the rainforest. Also people are killing animals for the fur and the beaks and other things the animals have that other people want. Also they are poaching animals for anything the animals have; also they are killing animals for nourishment and trade. I don’t really enjoy this and I think this is sad because the animals are becoming endangered and distinct because people are killing them. The people that are killing them shouldn’t kill them they are innocent animals and they are not even harmless to those people. The toucans can be special because most of the time they are found in rainforests in different countries of the world. These animals can be found in zoos, but you don’t see very many toucans in zoos very often. These animals could also need help but some people don’t know how to help them, like me I don’t really know how to help these animals. I hope the toucans will always stay safe in the rainforests. But you never know if they will, but I bet they will stay safe in the rainforest if some people would just leave them alone. If the people do that, they will be just fine in the rainforest. Also I hope that the rainforest doesn’t keep getting smaller, I hope the rainforest stays the same size or keeps getting bigger and increasing. I think Jason Weckstein has showed some people how important research and DNA on toucans is when you do it somebody or for yourself or for a company project or just for research. Also he has seen I think the most colorful and beautiful and big bird in the whole entire world.


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Bibliography

Behmke, S. 2011. "Ramphastos toco" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed February 26, 2012 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Ramphastos_toco.html

Jones, Jeremy A. "Toco Toucan: WhoZoo." WhoZoo Welcome Page. Fort worth Zoo, 2011. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. <http://whozoo.org/Anlife99/jerejones/tocotoucanindex2.htm>.

Cadena and Pellegrini, Chris and Gianlucca. "Toucan." Object Moved. Peruvian Jungle Animals and Plants, 19 Mar. 2003. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. <http://www.amersol.edu.pe/ms/7th/7block/jungle_research/new_cards/40/40card.html>.

Weckstein, Jason. "Our Staff." Welcome to The Field Museum. Jason Weckstein, 2012. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. <http://fieldmuseum.org/users/jason-weckstein>.

Weckstein, Jason. "Jweckstein | The EOL Biodiversity Synthesis Group." What's New. Bueter C. Weckstein, 2009. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. <http://synthesis.eol.org/users/jweckstein>.


Weckstein, Jason. "Contributors." North American Birding. In Plain Sight, 2010. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. http://www.nabirding.com/contributors/?uid=9

National Geographic Society. "Toucan." National Geographic. National Geographic, 1996-2012. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds/toucan/>.