Why this Animal?
I chose this animal beacause it has unique characteristics.the serval is animal of its own, people don't know much about this animal. The serval has large ears, a long slendar body, and tall hind legs. This makes it a very skilled hunter, and very good at catchign it's prey. I find the serval's furr print different too. It has a mixture of spots and stripes for a good grassland camoflauge. I chose this animal because I think it would be a very interesting topic.
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The servals large ears help with many things. Like shade, hearing, and easily release heat from their body. Deffinately an advantage.
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STATS

Class: Mamall
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Leptailurus
Species: Serval
Body length: 2.3 to 3.3 feet (70 to 100 centimeters)
Shoulder height: 1.5 to 2 feet (45 to 60 centimeters)
Weight: 19 to 40 pounds (9 to 18 kilograms)
Life span: up to 19 years
Gestation: 70 to 79 days
Number of young at birth: 1 to 5
Weight at birth: 8 to 9 ounces (227 to 255 grams)
Age of maturity:18 to 24 months
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The serval and her cubs blend in well from a far.

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Day 1/Day 2
As I traveled to Africa, thoughts came through my head. Wondering what kind of things I would encounter, and what struggles might I face to find my information. When I arrived in the savannah wetlands, I made a camp a mile or so way from a large water hole. The area I was in was slightly covered with shrubs, but as I came closer to the water hole, more grasses and small shrubs began to appear. The serval’s habitat is similar to lot of big cats, as well as the cheetah; the serval’s cousin. The serval uses its spotted stripped mix pattern to blend with the deep grass. Even though the serval has long limbs, they aren’t used for speed. The serval uses the‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍ big appendages ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍to leap from spot to spot to stalk its playful prey. The serval’s large ears make it easier to find the small rodents and reptiles it eats. The servals are thought of as “wolf-deer” claimed the Portuguese. The named the serval this because of it great hunting skills, but sleek movements. The serval will spend its nights, under a cleared grass area, or under some small shrubs. The savannah biome fits the serval well, because it has many of their main foods living near or among them. The warm tempetures in the savannah are year ro

und, having little range below 70 degrees average. The serval doesn’t struggle much with the heat of savannah because of its large ears. The servals ears are not only good for hearing approaching prey, but releasing some built of heat from the body. There is also a good amount of rainfall in the savannah, averaging 15-25 inches for a monsoon season is normal. Everyday hot, humid air rises from the ground making these grassland animals have great anxiety. Every animal including the serval has its own unique eating and living habits for seasons like these. The savannah is a biome with rolling grasses, small scattered shrubs, and isolated trees, making this an ideal habitat for many different species of animals. The large water holes are good for the serval and its prey because the reptiles thrive in the moist area. The servals have many unique techiniques for stalking and huntign their prey. The serval has large diet, and makes it very adaptable to many habitats.
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Ears!!

Day 3 Observation
Today I woke up tired and hungry. As I looked around camp for some food to take with me I spotted the animal.the cat was sitting with her cubs in the grass, it looked like she was watching something. I took notes, and began to write.The serval is alot like you and me. They need food, water, and good shelter. Even thought you would never think to compare it to you and me, we still share some needs. The serval doesn't eat frozen pizza. The cat's diet comsist of meat; therefore it is a carnivore. Small rodents, birds, and retiles keep it alive along with their family. Water is scarce sometimes. But they have learned to adapt unlike us fortunate americans. Being ina not so great place on the food chain the serval has a status as a lunch to many other animals. Gettign water can be very difficult so sometimes animals can even die of thirst leaving behind a family of small cubs. Servals are important to the ecosystem tho. They kill poisionous snakes and meddaling rodents. Keeping them our of small villages. They are known as keen hunters and don't ususally disturb the small communities. Shelter is alot easier to find. They dont really need much of that but its good to have during dust storms and such. Rocks. caves, trees, grasses, and shurbs all work as happy family homes for the serval. Cubs are easily camoflauged by the grounds; they will usually be left alone while a mother will hunt. The different location makes their needs a little more important than other animals. Servals can survive easily when they have their basic needs. My information came out well, and I showed it to the rest of the group. Hopefully this will help us in the future.
KEVIN CHAMBERS CONVERSTION
(I dont know why he was talking in caps, but oh well; he gave me alot of good information)
Any information on where they originated or the history?

THEY JUST EVOLVED OVER THE MILLENIA IN AFRICA

I have found stuff about people keeping then as pets? Is this true.

YES. THEY ARE SIMILAR TO KEEPING A HOUSE CAT, BUT HAVE A LOT MORE QUIRKS AND SPECIAL NEEDS. THEY ARE NOT FOR EVERYONE.

Is there a hinting season specific for them; is it for their meat, furr, teeth?

I'M NOT SURE HOW AFRICAN COUNTRIES ARE SET UP FOR HUNTING SEASONS. PRIMARILY THEY ARE HUNTED FOR TROPHIES BY SPORTSMEN AND BY NATIVES BECAUSE THEY SOMETIMES PREY ON THEIR CHICKENS. YOU HAR PEOPLE ALWAYS SAY THAT SPOTTED CATS ARE HUNTED FOR THEIR FURS, BUT OTHER THAN SOME NATIVE COSTUMES, I'VE NEVER SEEN SERVAL FUR USED FOR ANYTHING

This is great, thank you. Any information on where they originated or the history? I have found stuff about people keeping then as pets? Is this true. Is there a hinting season specific for them; is it for their meat, furr, teeth?
How did the servals become domesticated?

SERVALS ARE NOT CONSIDERED DOMESTICATED. THE TRUE MEANING OF DOMESTICATED MEANS THAT A SPECIES HAS BEEN SELECTIVELY BRED OVER GENERATIONS TO ACCEPT HUMANS AND ARE BASICALLY NATURALLY TAME. TAKE THE DOMESTIC HOUSE CAT. YOU CAN EASILY TAME ONE THAT HAS BEEN BORN WITH NO HUMAN CONTACT. A SERVAL THT WAS NOT HANDRAISED AND IMPRINTED ON HUMANS AT A EARLY AGE CAN NEVER BE TAMED. THE TAME ONES YOU SEE WERE TAKEN FROM THEIR MOTHERS AND BOTTLE RAISED SOMETIME BEFORE THEY WERE 2 WEEKS OLD. AFTER THAT, THEY BECOME LESS TRUSTING OF HUMANS. YOU COULD TAKE ONE 3 WEEKS OLD FROM IT'S MOTHER AND HAND RAISE IT, BUT IT WILL NEVER BE AS TRUSING AS ONE TAKEN EARLIER.

THERE ARE RECORDS OF THE EGYPTIANS KEEPING TAME SERVALS. THEY ARE ALSO THE ONES CREDITED WITH DOMESTICATING THE CAT, BUT DNA EVIDENCE HAS SHOWN THAT THE DOMESTIC CAT TRACES BACK TO THE AFRICAN WILD CAT, Felis lybica, AND NOT THE SERVAL. SOME WERE EVEN TRAINED TO HUNT LIKE SOME PEOPLE DO WITH FALCONS,

What certain city or specific area could I find the best population of servals?

THEY PREFER GRASSLANDS AND SCRUB FOREST, SO THEY WON'T BE FOUND VERY CLOSE TO ANY LARGE CITY IN AFRICA. THE CAN BE FOUND JUST ABOUT ANYWHERE IN AFRICA EXCEPT IN THE SAHARA AND NAMIB DESSERTS, THOUGH THE HIGHEST POPULATIONS WOULD BE IN TANZANIA AND LOWER CENTRAL AFRICA.

Are they hunts a lot, or endangered?

THEY ARE HUNTED FREQUENTLY THROUGHOUT AFRICA. THERE IS ONLY ONE SUBSPECIES THAT IS CONSIDERED ENDANGERED. THAT SUBSPECIES IS FOUND IN FAR NORTH WESTERN AFRICA. IT IS HEMMED IN BY THE SARHARA DESERT.

Thank you so much! You have been a great help. You are so knowledgeable, it incredible. You seen very happy with your profession. I will send you the link to my wiki in my next email, I'm currently on my sisters tablet and not sure how to copy and paste. How did the servals become domesticated? What certain city or specific area could I find the best population of servals? Are they hunts a lot, or endangered? Thanks again, you have been so much help.

SOCIAL HABITS WITH THEIR FAMILIES- NOT SURE IF YOU ARE ASKING ABOUT IN THE WILD OR IF SOMEONE HAS THEM AS A PET. IN THE WILD, THEY ARE SOLITARY, SO THEY DON'T HANG OUT WITH OTHER CATS UNLS THEY ARE BREEDING OR HAVE YOUNG. THE YOUNG WILL STAY WITH THE MOTHER FOR ABOUT 6-8 MONTHS BEFORE SHE RUNS THEM OFF AND THEY FIND THEIR OWN TERRITORY.

IF YOUR ASKING ABOUT HOW ONE ACTS WITH THE FAMILY IF A PET, THEY GENERALLY ACT LIKE A HOUSE CAT DOES, EXCEPT ONE THAT LIKES TO CHEW LIKE A PUPPY AND IS ABLE TO JUP TO THE TOP SHELF OR ON TOP OF THE REFRIGERATOR IN A SINGLE LEAP. EACH ONE HAS ITS OUN TEMPERMENT AND SOME MAY NOT LIKE STANGERS BEING AROUND AND WILL HISS AT THEM AND KEEP THEIR DISTANCE.

SURE, I'LL LOOK OVER YOUR WIKI PAGE.

I AM THE PRESIDENT OF THE FCF AND HAVE RAISED CATS FOR 40 YEARS. OVER THAT TIME, I HAVE KEPT OVER 300 WILDCATS OF 26 DIFFERENT SPECIES. RIGHT NOW, THE ONLY CATS I HAVE ARE WHITE LIONS. I ALOS IMPORT AND EXPORT FOR ZOOS AND PRIVATE FACILITIES. I'VE WORKED WITH OVER 130 DIFFERENT SPECIES FROM NILE HIPPO TO SHUGAR GLIDERS. I AM FROM SHELBURN, INDIANA WHERE I HAVE A BREEDING CENTER. I WENT TO PURDUE UNIVERSITY FOR AG ENGINEERING, BUT LEARNED EVERYTHING ABOUT THE ANIMALS IN THE REAL WORLD. I GOT INTERESTED IN RASING WILDLIFE BECAUSE I WAS ALWAYS FASCINATED BY THEM AND GREW UP ON A FARM. YOU NEVER STOP LEARING INTERESTING THINGS WHEN IT THE ANIMALS THEMSELVES TEACHING YOU
Oh Im so Glad to hear something back from you! I would like to know more about their social habits with in their families. And maybe more about where they stand on the food chain. I can give you a link to my wiki page and you can look it over maybe? Im no where near finished but there is always room fro improvement. Thankyou so much, also if you could give me a littl einformation about you and your program that would be great, I'm planning to write a a paragraph or two about you and what you do . Mayeb where your from or what got you interested in this animal. Your college and what yoy maybe majored in to learn about the serval? THANKYOU SO MUCH!!
HI, I'M KEVIN CHAMBERS, THE PRESIDENT OF THE FCF. WHAT QUESTIONS DO YOU HAVE? I'LL TRY TO ANSWER THEM PERSONALLY FOR YOU

KEVIN
Hi, My name is Ali. Im in 8th grade, and I live in a small town in Iowa. I am taking a science class, and got to chose an animal to research, I chose the serval, and am super excited to start my project. I ahebv foudn loads of information, but still want to answer some unanswered questions i have. If there are any Links, Pictures, Websights, Videos, or information you could give me that would be great, Thanks. -Ali Naylor
Researcher Profile
For my researcher profile I founf a very intellegent man who has devoted his whole life to try and understand these wild cats. He works lives on family farm where he keeps some of his favorite cats. Kevin was very educated and attended Purdue University in Indiana. He majored in Agricultural Engineering. He has experiances over 130 different species of wild cats.
He bred his first exotic feline in 1982 and is the first person to successfully breed Irkutsk lynx in North America.
Mr. Chambers founded the Zoological Animal Reproduction Center, which breeds various species of wildlife in addition to the exotic cats.He has bred many differetn types of cats, and has found them new homes in over 20 different countries. Kevin is very involved with his local 4-H group; he often teaches kids about alot of the animals he has encountered.
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Keven Chambers; President of the FCF

Day 4
TodayI woke up a little late. As i huslted out the door, I forgot my journal. I had to head back to camp about half way to my special cleared area. I ended up being very greatful to find my speciman enjoying time with her cubs. As I watched from a far I saw her behavior with her cubs. She loves them oh so much, but keeps a stern paw on them. Trainnig her small cubs to stay hidden in the grasses is very important. They are a food source to many animals because they are unprotected and vulnarbale with out their mother. When the serval is around other servals she is friendly, but it is alot different then a group of lions. The serval is solitary and lives on her own. The father of the cubs usually doesnt stay around after birth. Males hunt together in small packs sometimes when they are in serach of larger prey. They males are protective over their territory. Is is becoming harder and harder to find shadded spots with out primates living in the tree above them. Mating realy isn't a big deal between males, they often find another eager female with in the next days. Servals don't have a social status because they are solitary. When a carcus is abandoned by a group of lions or cheetahs, they sometimes will try to fight a few vultures for any scraps they could bring home to their cubs. They are very playful, and energetic both in captivity and the wild. Servals are prey to lions, hyeenas, and other or any bigger animal that finds them vulnerable. When servals are used as prey, they are often a small type. The cat only stands a few feet tall, and doesnt contain much meat so it's kind of rare to find them being suverely hunted.
Wild Life Monotoring
The servals are skilled hunters, and thrive at the location they call their home. Scientist love learning more and more about his specific cat, and using tracking and monotoring systems are very helpful. Since the numbers of servals living in Africa is a steady amout, monotoring for this cat is different than others. Video survelance cameras are used to watch the cats in their natural habitat and try to help us back here understand them more. The cameras are motion sensored and begin filming when an object moves infrom of the lense. Pictures are taken quickly and quitely so they can collect data. Only so much information can be held, so people have to frequently clear the memory. As scientist analize their date, they are still colecting even more in many different places. Cameras are put all over their habbitat, and catch more than just pictures of servals. They oftn find pictures of birds, rodents, and small animals wondering around in the cameras view. When things like this happen it is sometimes helpful it can descride new animals and their habbits to scientist, or can determine some of the specific foods the serval might prey on. Video monotoring is used all around the world in many different countries and on lots of different species of animals. Their are other types of monotoring as well like tracking is used on alot of marine species and migration.
Fishing
The serval is a good hunter, and an excellent fisher. As I continued asking Kevin for unformation I found out great things. I learned that even though they live in eastern Africa, and are mosrly nocternal. Fishing became a part of the life style not too long ago. They are built for life in the serenghetti plains, but spend alot of their free time by marshes and small lakes. Most cats don't like water but the serval enjoys getting their furr wet to cool them selves up. They have a short tail and short front limbs so climbing isn't a specialy for them. It is sometimes hard to find shade in the plains for these cats, so the marshes are always a good thing.
Video- San Diego Zoo
Servals- San Diego Zoo
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Servals Domesticated?
Servals are not domesticated. People think that when a person owns a serval as a "pet" that they must be domesticated. But the meaning of domesticated mean to take an animal have it tamed with similar behavior and interaction with humans. Looking at these cats in the wild they amuse me so much, they are so entertaining. I can understand why a small family might want this as a pet. But regardless they are wild animals and should be left in the wild or at a captive zoo. When people do get interested in adopting one they aren't filled in with the important details of what these cats need to live a sucessful life in a house. More often than not people will get sick of trying to full fill these animals basic needs and will dumb them on the streets or another unfaithful owner. Then the serval is left to fend for it's self in a completly unfamiliar enviroment. I read and watched a video about a serval being dumped in arizone before my trip. My heart was absolutely broken and I think people need to be informed about these kind of situation because they are not okay.
3 legged Serval Rescue
A Happy Serval Relationship?
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Servals live in the serenghetti plains.
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Serval Limiting Factor
Are servals hunted? Yes, but not severely. When I talked to Kevin he referenced me to websights that showed no servals being hunted scarcely. Some furs are collected, but not many. The servals aren't loosing much habbitat either. On my trip the servals biggest threat was hideing her cubs from birds and hyeenas. Cubs of any sort are so vulnerable to any predator. They are easy and quick prey. When a mother serval hunts she may take as little as half and hour or even three hours. Their habitat suffers severe drouts and raging heat waves. Can dehighdrate a serval and leave her group of cubs behind to become a hunters meal. Servals aren't hunted for their meat either, and no recent cases have been detected. When a serval dies it can becaused by a lot of limiting factors. If he or she gets an injury to a leg they wil ususally die of starvation. With out the ability to move or hunt they loose minerals and nutrients that are usually suppose to be entering their body daily. Another cause is a predator prey realtionship, if a mother is killed usually her cubs will die shortly after because of no food or they will be hunted too. Since the serval eats rodents they carry many dieses and can make a serval sick from the inside out, and cause alot of spreading to other animals that eat the carcas. When drouts occure the servals isn't the only animal effected, buffalo, wildebeast, gazelle, and other animals feel the devastatingloss. Every animal deal with limiting factors similar to these or even different.
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I picture Kevin sent me from the conservation center!
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Albino Serval from ARKive