Animal: Nubian Ibex
Research Location: Golan Heights, Syria

Why This Animal?

The Nubian ibex is an animal that I find very interesting. I chose the Nubian ibex because there aren't very many people who know what a Nubian ibex is and I hope that I can teach others about this fascinating animal. Also, the Nubian ibex lives in the semi-arid desert biome which is a biome that I haven't learned very much about. The Nubian ibex is listed as endangered, but many people don't know that they exist! The Nubian ibex is endangered because of overhunting and they have even been completely driven out of several countries. Thus, I would like to learn how the Nubian ibex's plight is affecting its ecosystem. The Nubian ibex has many cool features like the fact that it is one of the smallest species of ibex. Also, the female Nubian ibex is one-third the size of the male Nubian ibex. That is why I chose the fascinating Nubian ibex.

Nubian Ibex Food Web

Research Location: Golan Heights, Syria
Timothy Bender
2nd Period

As I stepped out of my tent it was hard for me to comprehend that this beautiful, but barren land could a cause of global anxiety. When I came here, I knew that there was going to be some troubles because I am in the middle of a disputed territory. The Golan Heights are legally part of Syria but under Israeli control. This landscape is surprisingly beautiful even though the rainfall is estimated as ranging from less than ten centimeters to fifty centimeters of rain on average. These numbers aren’t arbitrary because the creature I am studying lives in a semi-arid desert region in high elevations which means it can sometimes be more like a steppe biome. The average temperature is suppose to be twenty-four degrees Celsius but it changes a lot because the summer and winter seasons are very defined. The Golan Heights are barren, but exquisite and beautiful.
The Golan Heights maybe a desert but they have some wonderful creatures that call it home. Ask I look around, I can see the Nubian Ibex nimbly navigating the rocky slopes of the Heights. I’ve come here to study the Ibex because it has been recently reintroduced to the country of Syria after being wiped out through years of hunting. The Nubian Ibex uses these rocks as protection because it is difficult for predators to catch the Nubian Ibex as it nimbly leaps around. I can’t help but admire the Ibex’s horns that they use to defend themselves from predators to attract females. As a result of Ibex’s being reintroduced into this area I worry if they will be killed by predators like the Eagle Owl, Stripped Hyena, Caracal, and the very rare Arabian Leopard. As I watch the Nubian Ibex go down to lower altitudes to graze I see it, and other herbivores like the Rock Hyrax, warily take drinks from water holes. These herbivores can also get water from the plants they eat. The acacia tree, cadaba tree and camphorweed are all favorites of the Ibex. I can also see Palestine Oak trees as I glance around where I slept last night. The Nubian Ibex helps control plant population while providing food for other animals. All of the these creatures truly make the Golan Heights a sight to behold.

A map of Syria with the Golan Heights shaded in
Here are some adaptations I observed

Wildlife Monitoring Technique

Observation Journal:

Observation Journal Part Two:

Using the Research:
I chose to make this ZooBurst because the Nubian ibex has already gone extinct once in Syria. The problem is that people are still using parts of the Nubian ibex for medicine and hunting it. The only place the Nubian ibex lives in Syria is the Golan Heights and the Golan Heights can only support approximately 100 ibex. Also, the conflicts in the Middle East aren't helping the Nubian ibexes' chances for continued survival. I hope that we can save the Nubian ibex without causing problems for the people who depend on them.

Fellow Researcher Profile:
This is Dr. Reading

Tomsen, J. 2007. "Capra nubiana" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed February 26, 2012 at

Alkon, P.U., Harding, L., Jdeidi, T., Masseti, M., Nader, I., de Smet, K., Cuzin, F. & Saltz, D. 2008. Capra nubiana. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <>. Downloaded on 27 February 2012.

Ortega, Amanda. "Nubian Ibex: WhoZoo." WhoZoo Welcome Page. Fort Worth Zoo. Web. 23 Jan. 2012. <>.

"Denver Zoo Conservation Project List." Denver Zoo. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <>.

"EDGE Community." EDGE of Existence. The Zoological Society of London. Web. 19 Feb. 2012. <>.

"The Desert Biome." UCMP. California Academy of Sciences. Web. 19 Jan. 2012. <>.