Introduction animal: Coyote

The reason i wanted to research the coyote was because they live on my property and i wanted to know what they do and how they move throughout the day because i want to hunt them. For that i need to know where they sleep, what they eat, where they get water, and what are they're moviong patterns.

Coyote Physical and Behavioral Adaptations
Behavioral Adaptations:
Live in packs, for self defense from other coyotes, or wolves.
Hunt in pairs to increase their chance of success.
Use mimicry to intimidate other coyotes in the pack to show dominance.
Use to night to their advantage for hunting, to avoid humans.
For survival of the pack, dominate female will alllow other females to have pups, unlike wolves.
Physical Adaptations:
Long fur to survive the Winter.
Fur color for camouflage.
Sharp canine teeth for tearing flesh.
Powerful jaw muscles for tearing and eating meat/flesh.
Small feet for less drag on the ground, so they can run faster.

I am studying the Coyote, and the region I chose to focus on was the South East part of Iowa. The biome that South East Iowa would be is Grasslands. Temperatures in the winter in the Grassland biome of South East Iowa range from The shelter opportunities that Coyotes have in South East Iowa is mainly timber. The heavily wooded timber provides shelter from wind, snow, and rain. It also provides many food sources for the Coyote, such as squirrels, rabbits, birds, and possums. Some water sources would be ponds, creeks, the English river, and natural water springs.

Day 1
Today in the timber it took me a while to even catch a glimpse of the coyote. Because it is a mostly nocturnal animal it rarely comes out into the daylight were it is easier to observe. The only thing I could observe today was a small coyote coming up to natural water spring were I was watching close by. But I noticed that even though it is wild it drinks water just like it’s domesticated cousin the dog. It curls its tongue backwards acting as a scoop to pick up the water then pull the water into it’s mouth. Doing this multiple times to get the most amount of water.

Day 2
Today decided to get up at 5:30 in the morning to see if I could observe these coyotes better when it was still dark out compared to mid day sunlight. I got out to my stand at 5:15 A.M but this time I did not go to my stand out by the natural water spring, this time I went out towards an empty cornfield to see if the coyotes would try to kill a deer as it was grazing on left over corn. And sure enough, right at sunrise (6:30 A.M) there was a deer eating, after half an hour of waiting and watching this deer the coyotes came out of the timber and chased the deer for two miles, luckily I had my binoculars, and eventually caught the deer and ripped open the deer’s belly and ate the insides. After they were done with the insides they ripped off the legs and ate them in separate parts and then ate the carcass.

Day 3
After the deer incident yesterday I was egger to go watch the coyotes again. So I got back into my stand back by the spring at 5:30 A.M. and waited and after 2 hours of sitting and nothing happening I was ready to give up for the day and come back tomorrow, then I saw a mother coyote carrying her pup by its scruff to the water hole and set him in it. I was very curious to see what was happening considering that was where they get there water to drink. As it turned out the mother coyote was actually washing the pup in the water. I thought this was very interesting considering that this is what humans do to wash their young, and this shows that coyotes have high intelligence because instead of just getting more and more dirty they show self hygiene.

Some activities that coyotes do are: yipping to each other to locate, lick their young to clean them, digging burrows to live in to protect themselves from the weather, hunting in pairs to increase their chance of success.

Wildlife monitoring technique:
The monitoring technique i would use is trail cameras, because you can put them on a tree were you know that coyotes go by. so you can capture a photo of them doing what they normally do. You can also put bait in front of the trail cameras to get more photographs of coyotes and a different action of what they are doing. Also the trail cameras are quiet and do not make any unneeded noise, they also will not give off any scent which would scare the coyotes off. so all-in-all the trail camera is the best option when it comes to monitoring coyotes.

My fellow Coyote researcher is Dr. Stanley D. Gehrt he is a Associate Professor and Wildlife Extension Specialist. He works for the Ohio State University on the Cook County Coyote project. A connection between him and I is that we both like to watch and take notes about how they live, and where they live. But a difference is that he wants to nurture and protect the coyote population, why I want to hunt and kill coyotes.

Limiting Factors:
Some limiting factors for the coyote in the South-East region of Iowa are: Hunting, trapping, water pollution, land destruction, and cars. The way hunting is a limiting factor for the coyote is that if they are hunted year round, the population will go way down do to over hunting and not enough time to reproduce. The way trapping will affect the coyote population is close to hunting but instead of instantly killing them they could get caught in a trap, and in the small chance they get out, they will be weak and die off. Water pollution is another limiting because if humans are polluting the water that coyotes drink they will either die, or have pups that have birth deffects. Land destruction would be very affective to the coyote population too, because if people want to live or build buildings where the coyotes live, then they will have no where to live and starve to death. Cars is a big limiting factor too because if coyotes are trying to move around, or follow prey, and they stumble onto the road they could get seriously hurt or most likely die.